MIBC technical publications are offered as an aid to developing and maintaining professional competence in masonry construction.

This publication is intended solely for use by professionals who are knowledgeable and experienced in the application of principles of masonry design and construction, who are competent to evaluate the significance and limitations of the information provided herein, and who will accept total responsibility for its application.

The publisher and each contributor to this publication disclaim any and all responsibility and liability for the application of the information contained in this publication, and any injury or damages suffered as a result of its use.